Whether laminating self-wound paper, plastic transfer tape or linered overlaminating film using a laminating machine it is critical to use only as much unwind tension and nip pressure (gap closure) as needed to create a bubble and wrinkle free laminate. Excess laminantion tension causes a variety of downstream problems with handling, installation and even after installation. When material emerges from the lamination process it should lay as flat as when it went in.
The same concept applies to manual lamination. When hand laminating with a squeegee it is easy to apply consistently uneven pressure across the web as one passes the squeegee from the near side to the center of a work table. At a minimum this creates unevenness and development of wrinkles at installation and in the worst case “tunneling” of release liner away from the graphic.
Certain product combinations are more likely to be sensitive to tunneling than others:
Rolling the finished laminate for transport or storage can also negatively effect the graphic through roll-set or tunneling. The general rule of thumb is that a laminate should be wound loosely (minimum 6 inch diameter) with the linered side inward. The effects can be seen below for transfer paper laminated to plastic lined translucent film.
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